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GrafTech Reports Second Quarter 2022 Results

Strong Execution in a Challenging Operating Environment Leads to Solid Results

BROOKLYN HEIGHTS, Ohio--(BUSINESS WIRE)--GrafTech International Ltd. (NYSE: EAF) ("GrafTech" or the "Company") today announced financial results for the quarter and six months ended June 30, 2022.


Second Quarter 2022 Highlights

  • Net income of $115 million
  • Earnings per share and adjusted earnings per share(1)(2) of $0.44
  • Adjusted EBITDA(1) of $158 million, for a 44% adjusted EBITDA margin(3)
  • Sales volume of 42 thousand metric tons ("MT"), a decrease of 1% compared to the second quarter of 2021
  • Production volume of 44 thousand MT, an increase of 1% compared to the second quarter of 2021
  • Cash flow from operating activities of $60 million
  • Strengthened the balance sheet further by reducing debt by $40 million, for a total debt repayment of $110 million in the first half of 2022
  • Repurchased an aggregate of $30 million of our common stock, for a total of $60 million repurchased in the first half of 2022

CEO Comments

"We are pleased to have delivered solid results in the second quarter despite the challenges brought on by geopolitical conflict and economic uncertainty," said Marcel Kessler, Chief Executive Officer and President. “Our ability to sustain key operating and financial metrics, including sales volume, production volume and adjusted EBITDA, comparable to prior year levels is a testament to our operational execution and competitive advantages. Consistent with our expectations, non-LTA pricing for our graphite electrodes significantly increased compared to the second quarter of the prior year, resulting in year-over-year net sales growth for the quarter."

"I am very excited to have joined GrafTech at this important time and I am honored to have the opportunity to lead the Company through its next phase of evolution," said Mr. Kessler. "With an industry-leading position in supplying high-quality graphite electrodes to the growing electric arc furnace industry, supported by sustainable competitive advantages, an improved balance sheet and a talented team, I am confident in our ability to execute our strategy and deliver shareholder value over the long term."

Second Quarter 2022 Financial Performance

(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

 

For the Six Months
Ended June 30,

 

 

Q2 2022

Q1 2022

Q2 2021

 

2022

2021

Net sales

$

363,646

$

366,245

$

330,750

 

$

729,891

$

635,147

Net income

$

114,997

$

124,183

$

28,165

 

$

239,180

$

126,964

Earnings per share (EPS)(2)

$

0.44

$

0.47

$

0.11

 

$

0.92

$

0.47

Cash flow from operating activities

$

60,123

$

146,316

$

86,330

 

$

206,439

$

208,755

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted net income(1)

$

115,102

$

125,920

$

114,487

 

$

241,022

$

214,367

Adjusted EPS(1)(2)

$

0.44

$

0.48

$

0.43

 

$

0.92

$

0.80

Adjusted EBITDA(1)

$

158,196

$

169,600

$

159,903

 

$

327,796

$

314,948

Adjusted free cash flow(4)

$

47,630

$

129,904

$

135,907

 

$

177,534

$

244,158

Net sales for the second quarter of 2022 were $364 million, an increase of 10% compared to $331 million in the second quarter of 2021, reflecting improved pricing on volume derived from short-term agreements and spot sales ("non-LTA"). This was partially offset by a shift in the mix of our business to non-LTA volume from volume derived from our take-or-pay agreements that had initial terms of three-to-five years ("LTA").

Net income for the second quarter of 2022 was $115 million, or $0.44 per share, compared to $28 million, or $0.11 per share, in the second quarter of 2021. Results for the second quarter of 2021 included pre-tax Change in Control (as defined below) charges of $88 million as a result of the ownership of our largest stockholder, Brookfield Asset Management Inc. and its affiliates ("Brookfield"), moving below 30% of our total shares outstanding.

Adjusted EBITDA(1) was $158 million in the second quarter of 2022, compared to $160 million in the second quarter of 2021, and the adjusted EBITDA margin(3) was 44%.

In the second quarter of 2022, cash flow from operating activities was $60 million and adjusted free cash flow(4) was $48 million, with both measures decreasing compared to the same period in 2021 reflecting higher working capital, driven primarily by higher inventory. For the second quarter of 2022, 30% of adjusted EBITDA(1) was converted to adjusted free cash flow(5).

Operational and Commercial Update

 

Key operating metrics

 

 

 

 

For the Six Months
Ended June 30,

 

 

 

 

 

(in thousands, except percentages)

Q2 2022

Q1 2022

Q2 2021

 

2022

 

2021

Sales volume (MT)(6)

42.3

 

43.3

 

42.8

 

 

85.6

 

 

79.8

 

Production volume (MT)(7)

43.9

 

46.1

 

43.5

 

 

90.0

 

 

79.5

 

Total production capacity (MT)(8)(9)

58.0

 

58.0

 

58.0

 

 

116.0

 

 

116.0

 

Total capacity utilization(9)(10)

76

%

79

%

75

%

 

78

%

 

69

%

Production capacity excluding St. Marys (MT)(8)(11)

51.0

 

51.0

 

51.0

 

 

102.0

 

 

102.0

 

Capacity utilization excluding St. Marys(10)(11)

86

%

90

%

85

%

 

88

%

 

78

%

GrafTech reported sales volume of 42 thousand MT in the second quarter of 2022, a decrease of 1% compared to the second quarter of 2021, consisting of 24 thousand MT of LTA volume and 18 thousand MT of non-LTA volume.

For the second quarter of 2022, the weighted-average realized price for our LTA volume was $9,600 per MT. For our non-LTA volume, the weighted-average realized price for graphite electrodes delivered and recognized in revenue in the second quarter of 2022 was $6,000 per MT, an increase of 46% compared to the second quarter of 2021 and consistent with the weighted-average non-LTA price for the first quarter of 2022.

Production volume was 44 thousand MT in the second quarter of 2022, a 1% increase compared to the second quarter of 2021.

Globally, steel market capacity utilization rates have been as follows:

 

Q2 2022

Q1 2022

Q2 2021

Global (ex-China) capacity utilization rate(12)

68%

69%

73%

U.S. steel market capacity utilization rate(13)

81%

80%

82%

The estimated shipments of graphite electrodes under existing LTAs for 2022 through 2024 have been updated as follows to reflect our current expectations(14):

 

 

2022

 

2023

 

2024

Estimated LTA volume (in thousands of MT)

 

90-100

 

23-30

 

12-15

Estimated LTA revenue (in millions)

 

$860-$960

 

$200-$255

 

$130-$165(15)

Capital Structure and Capital Allocation

As of June 30, 2022, GrafTech had cash and cash equivalents of $56 million and total debt of approximately $920 million. Maintaining a prudent and disciplined capital allocation strategy remains a priority for GrafTech. We continue to make progress in reducing our long-term debt, repaying $40 million in the second quarter of 2022, for a total debt repayment of $110 million in the first half of 2022. In addition, during the second quarter of 2022, we repurchased 3.6 million shares of our common stock for an aggregate of $30 million. As a result, we have repurchased 6.7 million shares of our common stock for an aggregate of $60 million in the first half of 2022.

We continue to expect full-year capital expenditures to be in the range of $70 to $80 million in 2022.

Outlook

As is the case for most manufacturing-based sectors, the operating environment for the steel industry remains volatile, with softening in certain markets, such as Western Europe, while other markets, such as the U.S., have been more resilient. The near-term outlook is becoming more challenging with higher raw material, energy and logistics costs, as well as the impact of the ongoing conflict between Ukraine and Russia. To get ahead of these near-term challenges, we continue to strengthen our commercial capabilities, prudently manage operating and capital expenditures and will continue to focus on reducing our long-term debt.

At the same time, we will continue to invest in our product and service capabilities to be optimally positioned to participate in longer-term demand growth for graphite electrodes. We remain confident that the steel industry’s accelerating efforts to decarbonize will lead to further growth in the electric arc furnace method of steelmaking, driving demand for graphite electrodes.

Petroleum needle coke is a key raw material used to produce all graphite electrodes. Given the expected acceleration in demand driven by its use in lithium-ion batteries for the growing electric vehicle market, we see our vertical integration into petroleum needle coke production via our Seadrift facility as a critical differentiator from our competitors and foundational for our ability to reliably deliver high-quality graphite electrodes.

Conference Call Information

In connection with this earnings release, you are invited to listen to our earnings call being held on August 5, 2022 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The webcast and accompanying slide presentation will be available on our investor relations website at: http://ir.graftech.com. The earnings call dial-in number is +1 (888) 886-7786 toll-free in North America or +1 (416) 764-8658 for overseas calls, conference ID: 91252740. Archived replays of the conference call and webcast will be made available on our investor relations website at: http://ir.graftech.com. GrafTech also makes its complete financial reports that have been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") and other information available at: www.GrafTech.com. The information on our website is not part of this release or any report we file or furnish to the SEC.

About GrafTech

GrafTech International Ltd. is a leading manufacturer of high-quality graphite electrode products essential to the production of electric arc furnace steel and other ferrous and non-ferrous metals. The Company has a competitive portfolio of low-cost, ultra-high power graphite electrode manufacturing facilities, including three of the highest capacity facilities in the world. We are the only large-scale graphite electrode producer that is substantially vertically integrated into petroleum needle coke, a key raw material for graphite electrode manufacturing. This unique position provides us with competitive advantages in product quality and cost.

________________________

(1)

A non-GAAP financial measure, see below for more information and a reconciliation of EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA and adjusted net income to net income, and adjusted EPS to EPS, the most directly comparable financial measures calculated and presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP").

(2)

Earnings per share represents diluted earnings per share. Adjusted earnings per share represents diluted adjusted earnings per share.

(3)

Adjusted EBITDA margin is calculated as adjusted EBITDA divided by net sales (Q2 2022 adjusted EBITDA of $158 million/Q2 2022 net sales of $364 million).

(4)

A non-GAAP financial measure, see below for more information and a reconciliation of adjusted free cash flow and free cash flow to cash flow from operating activities, the most directly comparable financial measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP.

(5)

Adjusted free cash flow conversion is calculated as adjusted free cash flow divided by adjusted EBITDA (Q2 2022 adjusted free cash flow of $48 million/Q2 2022 adjusted EBITDA of $158 million).

(6)

Sales volume reflects only graphite electrodes manufactured by us.

(7)

Production volume reflects graphite electrodes we produced during the period.

(8)

Production capacity reflects expected maximum production volume during the period depending on product mix and expected maintenance outage. Actual production may vary.

(9)

Includes graphite electrode facilities in Calais, France; Monterrey, Mexico; Pamplona, Spain; and St. Marys, Pennsylvania.

(10)

Capacity utilization reflects production volume as a percentage of production capacity.

(11)

In the first quarter of 2018, our St. Marys, Pennsylvania facility began graphitizing a limited number of electrodes sourced from our Monterrey, Mexico facility.

(12)

Source: World Steel Association, Metal Expert and GrafTech analysis, as of July 2022.

(13)

Source: American Iron and Steel Institute, as of July 2022.

(14)

As it relates to the conflict between Ukraine and Russia, we have provided force majeure notices with respect to certain impacted LTAs. Certain of our LTA counterparties have challenged the force majeure notices, but we will continue to enforce our contractual rights. In the event of a force majeure, the LTAs provide our counterparties with the right to terminate the LTA if the force majeure event continues for more than six months after the delivery of the force majeure notice, with no continuing obligations of either party. The estimates of LTA revenue as set forth in the table above reflects (i) our current view of the validity of such force majeure notices and (ii) our current expectations of termination fees from our customers who have failed to meet certain obligations under their LTAs.

(15)

Includes expected termination fees from a few customers that have failed to meet certain obligations under their LTAs.

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This press release and related discussions may contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements reflect our current views with respect to, among other things, financial projections, plans and objectives of management for future operations, and future economic performance. Examples of forward-looking statements include, among others, statements we make regarding future estimated revenues and volumes derived from our LTAs, future pricing of non-LTAs, anticipated levels of capital expenditures, and guidance relating to earnings per share and adjusted EBITDA. You can identify these forward-looking statements by the use of forward-looking words such as “will,” “may,” “plan,” “estimate,” “project,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “expect,” “foresee,” “intend,” “should,” “would,” “could,” “target,” “goal,” “continue to,” “positioned to,” “are confident,” or the negative versions of those words or other comparable words. Any forward-looking statements contained in this press release are based upon our historical performance and on our current plans, estimates and expectations considering information currently available to us. The inclusion of this forward-looking information should not be regarded as a representation by us that the future plans, estimates, or expectations contemplated by us will be achieved. Our expectations and targets are not predictions of actual performance and historically our performance has deviated, often significantly, from our expectations and targets. These forward-looking statements are subject to various risks and uncertainties and assumptions relating to our operations, financial results, financial condition, business, prospects, growth strategy and liquidity. Accordingly, there are or will be important factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those indicated in these statements. We believe that these factors include, but are not limited to: the ultimate impact the COVID-19 pandemic has on our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows, including the duration and spread of any variants, the duration and scope of related government orders and restrictions, the impact on our employees, and the disruptions and inefficiencies in our supply chain; the ultimate impact the conflict between Russia and Ukraine has on our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows, including the duration and scope of such conflict, its impact on disruptions and inefficiencies in our supply chain and our ability to procure certain raw materials; the possibility that we may be unable to implement our business strategies, including our ability to secure and maintain longer-term customer contracts, in an effective manner; the cyclical nature of our business and the selling prices of our products, which may decline in the future, may lead to periods of reduced profitability and net losses in the future; the impact of inflation and our ability to mitigate the effect on our costs; the risks and uncertainties associated with litigation, arbitration, and like disputes, including disputes related to contractual commitments; the possibility that global graphite electrode overcapacity may adversely affect graphite electrode prices; our dependence on the global steel industry generally and the electric arc furnace steel industry in particular; the sensitivity of our business and operating results to economic conditions, including any recession, and the possibility others may not be able to fulfill their obligations to us in a timely fashion or at all; the competitiveness of the graphite electrode industry; our dependence on the supply of raw materials, including decant oil, petroleum needle coke, and energy, and disruptions in supply chains for these materials; our manufacturing operations are subject to hazards; changes in, or more stringent enforcement of, health, safety and environmental regulations applicable to our manufacturing operations and facilities; the legal, compliance, economic, social and political risks associated with our substantial operations in multiple countries; the possibility that fluctuation of foreign currency exchange rates could materially harm our financial results; the possibility that our results of operations could deteriorate if our manufacturing operations were substantially disrupted for an extended period, including as a result of equipment failure, climate change, regulatory issues, natural disasters, public health crises, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, political crises or other catastrophic events; our dependence on third parties for certain construction, maintenance, engineering, transportation, warehousing and logistics services; the possibility that we are unable to recruit or retain key management and plant operating personnel or successfully negotiate with the representatives of our employees, including labor unions; the sensitivity of goodwill on our balance sheet to changes in the market; the possibility that we are subject to information technology systems failures, cybersecurity attacks, network disruptions and breaches of data security; our dependence on protecting our intellectual property and the possibility that third parties may claim that our products or processes infringe their intellectual property rights; the possibility that our indebtedness could limit our financial and operating activities or that our cash flows may not be sufficient to service our indebtedness; the possibility that restrictive covenants in our financing agreements could restrict or limit our operations; the fact that borrowings under certain of our existing financing agreements subject us to interest rate risk; the possibility that disruptions in the capital and credit markets could adversely affect our results of operations, cash flows and financial condition, or those of our customers and suppliers; the possibility that the market price of our common stock could be negatively affected by sales of substantial amounts of our common stock in the public markets, including by Brookfield; the possibility that we may not pay cash dividends on our common stock in the future; and the fact that our stockholders have the right to engage or invest in the same or similar businesses as us.

These factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with the Risk Factors and other cautionary statements that are included in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and other filings with the SEC. The forward-looking statements made in this press release relate only to events as of the date on which the statements are made. Except as required by law, we do not undertake any obligation to publicly update or review any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

In addition to providing results that are determined in accordance with GAAP, we have provided certain financial measures that are not in accordance with GAAP. EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA margin, adjusted net income, adjusted EPS, free cash flow, adjusted free cash flow, and adjusted free cash flow conversion are non-GAAP financial measures.

We define EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure, as net income or loss plus interest expense, minus interest income, plus income taxes and depreciation and amortization. We define adjusted EBITDA as EBITDA plus any pension and other post-employment benefit ("OPEB") plan expenses, adjustments for public offerings and related expenses, non-cash gains or losses from foreign currency remeasurement of non-operating assets and liabilities in our foreign subsidiaries where the functional currency is the U.S. dollar, stock-based compensation expense, non-cash fixed asset write-offs, related party payable - Tax Receivable Agreement adjustments and Change in Control charges that were triggered as a result of the ownership of our largest stockholder falling below 30% of our total outstanding shares. Adjusted EBITDA is the primary metric used by our management and our Board of Directors to establish budgets and operational goals for managing our business and evaluating our performance. For purposes of this release, a Change in Control occurred when Brookfield and any affiliates thereof ceased to own stock of the Company that constitutes at least thirty percent (30%) or thirty-five percent (35%), as applicable, of the total fair market value or total voting power of the stock of the Company (the "Change in Control").

We monitor adjusted EBITDA as a supplement to our GAAP measures, and believe it is useful to present to investors, because we believe that it facilitates evaluation of our period-to-period operating performance by eliminating items that are not operational in nature, allowing comparison of our recurring core business operating results over multiple periods unaffected by differences in capital structure, capital investment cycles and fixed asset base. Adjusted EBITDA margin is also a non-GAAP financial measure used by our management and our Board of Directors as supplemental information to assess the Company’s operational performance and is calculated as adjusted EBITDA divided by net sales. In addition, we believe adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA margin and similar measures are widely used by investors, securities analysts, ratings agencies, and other parties in evaluating companies in our industry as a measure of financial performance and debt-service capabilities. We also monitor the ratio of total debt to trailing twelve month adjusted EBITDA, because we believe it is a useful and widely used way to assess our leverage.

Our use of adjusted EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool, and you should not consider it in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. Some of these limitations are:

  • adjusted EBITDA does not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, our working capital needs;
  • adjusted EBITDA does not reflect our cash expenditures for capital equipment or other contractual commitments, including any capital expenditure requirements to augment or replace our capital assets;
  • adjusted EBITDA does not reflect the interest expense or the cash requirements necessary to service interest or principal payments on our indebtedness;
  • adjusted EBITDA does not reflect tax payments that may represent a reduction in cash available to us;
  • adjusted EBITDA does not reflect exp

Contacts

Michael Dillon
216-676-2000
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